A kidney is responsible for removing waste product from the blood beside regulating the water fluid level in the body. It is a critical organ and any malfunction to it can be fatal. Some people with kidney failure may be able to undergo a Kidney transplantation of a healthy kidney in their body, so they no longer have to go through regular dialysis.
Kidney transplantation is the process of a kidney donation from a deceased or a living donor and transplant of that kidney into a patient with an end–stage renal disease. Kidney failure can result due to blockage in the urinary tract, dehydration, diabetes and high blood pressure.
In case of complete kidney failure, kidney transplant becomes important to save the life of the patient. Kidney donors are generally characterized as living related or non–related depending on whether a biological relationship exists between the donor and recipient.
Living donors are strongly recommended for a kidney transplant as it helps in the good functionality of the transplanted kidney and the patient has a better life expectancy.
Since the increase in the use of laparoscopic surgery, the number of live donors has increased.
● Excessive tobacco use
Many patients prefer dialysis to kidney transplant but it is not an effective treatment as it can cause some serious health problems like high blood pressure, anaemia, nerve damage and infections and heart disease.
Dialysis increases the average lifespan of a patient for about five years whereas patients who have undergone kidney transplant have a longer life expectancy.
Kidney transplantation restores the quality of life for the patients who have been suffering from kidney failure for a long time.
In most cases, the barely functioning existing kidneys are not removed as removal has been shown to increase the rates of surgical morbidity. Therefore, the kidney is usually placed in a location different from the original kidney.
Kidney transplant requirements vary from patient to patient and county to country. Many procedures place a limit on age and require the patient to be in good health. The kidney transplant is avoided in patients suffering from incurable infectious and terminal diseases, cancer and cardiovascular disease.
For the survival of the transplant the patients are screened to determine if they will be compliant with their medications.
● No requirement of dialysis
● No diet restrictions
● The life expectancy of the patient increases
● Quality of life after kidney transplant improves
● Blood pressure remain under control
● Overall cost of a kidney transplant is less as compared to dialysis.
People with only one kidney including those who have donated a kidney for transplantation should avoid high protein diet. They Should limit their protein intake to less than one gram per kilogram body weight per day in order to reduce the long–term risk of chronic kidney disease.
There are many kidney transplant hospitals in India, choose the one with the advanced facilities and treatment modes. Such hospitals specialize in kidney transplants with the help of the latest medical technology and modern facilities with an expert panel of doctors to conduct any complex procedure.