“Read this blog and knowing Your Heart and Suggestions from the best cardiologist in Kolkata. Dr. Siddhartha Mani”
You know that your heart is an organ that pumps blood throughout the body via the circulatory system, supplying oxygen and nutrients to the tissues and removing carbon dioxide and other wastes.
Human heart is approximately the size of a large fist and weighs between 280 grams to 340 grams in case of men and 230grams to 280 grams in women.
Your heart has four chambers: two upper chambers (the atria) and two lower ones (the ventricles). It is known that right atrium and right ventricle together make up the “right heart,” and the left atrium and left ventricle make up the “left heart.” And a wall of muscle called the septum separates the two sides of the heart.
A double–walled sac called the pericardium covers the heart, which serves to protect the heart and maintains its position. Between the outer layer, the parietal pericardium, and the inner layer, the serous pericardium, runs pericardial fluid, which lubricates the heart for easy contractions and movements of the lungs and diaphragm.
According to Cardiologists the heart’s outer wall consists of three layers. The outermost layer, or epicardium, is the inner wall of the pericardium. The middle layer is said to be myocardium, contains the muscle that contracts. The inner layer known as endocardium, is the lining that contacts the blood.
The tricuspid valve and the mitral valve create the atrioventricular (AV) valves, which connect the atria and the ventricles. It is said that the pulmonary semi–lunar valve separates the right ventricle from the pulmonary artery, and the aortic valve separates the left ventricle from the aorta. The heartstrings, or chordae tendinae, helps to anchor the valves to heart muscles.
The sinoatrial node creates the electrical pulses that drive heart contractions.
You must have read that the heart circulates blood through two pathways: the pulmonary circuit and the systemic circuit. And, in the pulmonary circuit, deoxygenated blood leaves the right ventricle of the heart via the pulmonary artery and reaches to the lungs, then returns as oxygenated blood to the left atrium of the heart via the pulmonary vein.
In the systemic circuit, oxygenated blood leaves the body via the left ventricle to the aorta, and from there enters the arteries and capillaries where it provides the body’s tissues with oxygen. Then deoxygenated blood returns via veins to the venae cavae, re–entering the heart’s right atrium.
So now you have the detailed knowledge of your heart and how it functions.
But to keep this organ in good shape and sound you need to follow the top 10 healthy tips from the best Cardiologist in Kolkata.
1. Stop Smoking
2. Start Exercise or do Yoga
3. Eat Fibrous food
4. Reduce Stress and be Happy
5. Brush your teeth regularly
6. Regular Morning Walk
7. Avoid hydrogenated Oil
8. Eat less Sugar and Salt
9. Eat fruits and Vegetables
10. Drink ample water
Now you are well acquainted with the facts and suggestions to keep you heart fit and fine.
Author Bio: Dr. Siddhartha Mani known as one of the best cardiologists in Kolkata, working as an Interventional Cardiologist in Kolkata the Department of Cardiology– Adult, at Rabindranath Tagore International Institute of Cardiac Sciences suggest to immediately visit a cardiologist if there arise a pain in your chest. Don’t doctor yourself in such case it might be fatal. Immediate consultation from a Cardiologist will help you with easy recovery. For a happy heart live happy.