It seems you have started pursuing your interest and passion for photography or maybe want to learn a new skill in your leisure time. In another case, you have taken the right decision.
Photography is not all about how expensive your camera is or good your camera is, rather it’s mostly about the lenses you are using. Let’s say, you bought an expensive DSLR camera in Malaysia be it a Nikon camera in Malaysia or a Sony camera in Malaysia but if you have a poor quality lens, then you will capture some poor quality pictures whereas if you have a less expensive camera but a high-quality lens, then the picture you get will be of high quality. So, it’s mostly about choosing a good quality lens on which the quality of your pictures depends.
Here are some general and technical things you must know about lenses:
Categories of lenses
In general, lenses are categorized into either a zoom lens or a prime lens.
A zoom lens is what you are thinking right now. It zooms in and out.
A prime lens is one that is fixed to a focal length and can’t zoom in and out.
In these two categories of lenses, there are different types of lenses such as wide-angle lens, normal/mid-range lens, and telephoto lens.
Before jumping into the functions of these lenses, you should know about the focal length.
The Focal length is the magnification of images and is represented by millimeter(mm). Our eyes are capable to see at 50 mm, so if you have a lens of focal length 50 mm, then you will see the same image as you seeing with your normal eyes. So, taking it as a reference, with a range of 20 mm of that (28mm to 70mm) is considered as a normal or mid-range lens. Below 30 mm, you are approaching the wide-angle lenses. As the name suggests, it gives you a wide-angle view. So, the lower your focal length becomes, the wider view you get. on the other hand, if you are at and above 70 mm, then you are using something called the telephoto focal lens. This range can go from 70mm to 1700mm.
Apart from magnification, the focal length can also alter the perspective of an image. For example, using a wide-angle, you can make your subject quite large compared to the background.
The focus ring in lenses is another feature that allows you to change the focus. In a manual focus lens, you will get numbers printed on the ring which shows you the distance of your focus from infinity to the closest distance your lens can focus. A bit back to the focus ring, you get the zoom ring. You will get some button that can turn on and off the autofocus and another pair of a button (VR/IS/OS) activates the image stabilization of your lens. In some professional lenses, you get a button in the front to lock the focus which disengages the autofocus.
In prime lenses, you will get one specific focal length and no zooming option. But they are very sharp and have a wide aperture to let a significant amount of light in. Prime lenses are smaller in size. Due to the larger aperture, they give you a good depth and beautiful boke.
While unmounting the lens from the camera body, put the lens cap on both the back of your lens and your camera body to prevent the lens from dust particles.
Once you get a basic idea about lenses, types, and functions, you can opt for a good DSLR camera. If you like to have a Nikon camera, then you can look for Nikon DSLR price in Malaysia both online and offline market so that you can get some good deal.