The What, Why And How Of In Vitro Fertilization

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What Is In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)?

In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a type of Assistive Reproductive Technology (ART). It involves the process of retrieving eggs from a woman’s ovaries and fertilizing them with the male partner’s sperm. This fertilized egg is called an embryo. The embryo may then be frozen for storage or transferred to a woman’s uterus. Look for the cost of IVF treatment in Hyderabad and get it done for a reasonable cost.  

Depending on the situation, IVF can use:

  • your eggs and donor sperm
  • your eggs and your partner’s sperm
  • donated embryos
  • donor eggs and your partner’s sperm
  • donor eggs and donor sperm

Also, your doctor can implant embryos in a surrogate, or gestational carrier depending on your situation and condition. This is a woman who will be carrying your baby for you.

Why Is In Vitro Fertilization Performed?

IVF helps people who have infertility to have a baby. It is expensive and invasive, so couples usually try other fertility treatments first. These methods may include taking fertility drugs or having intrauterine insemination. During that process, a doctor transfers sperm directly into the woman’s uterus.

Infertility issues for which IVF may be required include:

  • blocked or damaged fallopian tubes
  • endometriosis
  • reduced fertility in women who are over the age of 40
  • reduced ovarian function
  • unexplained infertility
  • uterine fibroids
  • male infertility, such as low sperm count or abnormalities in sperm shape

Parents may also choose IVF if they are at the risk of passing a genetic disorder on to their offspring. A medical laboratory can test the embryos for genetic abnormalities, and then, a doctor only implants embryos without genetic defects.

How Is In Vitro Fertilization Performed?

There are five major steps involved in the process of IVF procedure in Chennai:

  • Stimulation
  • Egg retrieval
  • Insemination
  • Embryo culture
  • Transfer
  • Stimulation

A woman typically produces one egg during each menstrual cycle. However, IVF treatment requires multiple eggs. Using several eggs increases the chances of developing a feasible embryo. You will be given fertility drugs to increase the number of eggs your body produces. During this time, the doctor will perform regular blood tests and ultrasounds to analyze and monitor the production of eggs and also to know when to retrieve them.

Egg Retrieval

The egg retrieval process is known as follicular aspiration. It is a surgical procedure done with anaesthesia. The doctor will use an ultrasound wand to manage a needle through your vagina, into the ovary, and an egg-containing follicle. The needle will pull in eggs and fluid out of each follicle.


In this process, a semen sample is taken from the male partner. A technician will then mix the given sperm with the eggs in a petri dish. If doing so does not produce embryos, the doctor may decide to use ICSI (intracytoplasmic sperm injection).


Embryo Culture

The doctor will monitor the fertilized eggs to make sure that they are dividing and developing. The embryos might undergo testing for genetic conditions during this time.


When the embryos are big enough, they will be ready for implantation. This occurs typically after three to five days of fertilization. Implantation involves guiding a thin tube called a catheter into your vagina, past your cervix, and into the uterus. Your doctor will then release the embryo into the uterus.

Pregnancy occurs when the embryo goes and implants itself in the uterine wall, which can take from 6 to 10 days. A blood test will determine if you are pregnant.

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